Where may Arnold have found anticipations of his terminology of "sweetness and light"? For a comparison of other middle-class essayists' attitudes toward the extention of the vote, see Thomas Carlyle's "Shooting Niagara" he was virulently hostile and J.
Stefan Collini editorCulture and Anarchy and other writings Cambridge: Abelard, Lessing, Herder, St. One is, that men cannot do without it; the other, that they cannot do with it as it is.
Are perfection, reason and the will of God therefore equated with sweetness and light? There was an increasing readership, achieved by the cheapness of periodicals and there was a growth in reading public because of elementary education and the overall growth of the middle-class.
Why does he make this rhetorical move? He also supported the Coercion Bill and other measures which would have virtually reduced Ireland to martial law. He was attacked by contemporaries and criticized by succeeding generations for what many have seen as imperious dogmatism.
How does he differ from these fellow Victorians in his views on "the State"? What were the defects of each system?
Arnold concedes that the Greeks may have neglected the moral and material, but: At its best, his style is clear, flexible, and convincing.
Educate and humanize the Philistines, therefore. Can you comment on the rhythm of his sentences? After establishing his definition of culture in terms of the individual, Arnold turned toward the problem of society.
Members of the different classes possessed the same human nature and saw happiness as freedom; also, the best self was common to all classes.
In his claim that culture has the same ends as religionthe perfection of human nature, do you think Arnold makes an accurate assessment of the aims of all religion? Inassisted by the vote of his godfather and predecessor John KebleArnold was elected to the Oxford chair of poetry, which he held for 10 years.
In an integral structure, the parts of the particular essay develop their own structure, and the sense-level stays directly connected to the topic.
First and Last Impressions of America And inin order to secure the income needed for his marriage June with Frances Lucy Wightman, he accepted from Lansdowne an appointment as inspector of schools. In this context Arnold's ideas represent what is still an ideal of the school system.
Arnold considered his religious writings to be constructive and conservative. Although Arnold's appeal to "culture" marginalizes human agency, culture itself is cast as active: Charles Bradlaugh, do we learn anything concrete about him?
Culture goes beyond religion, however, as interpreted by the Nonconformists in that it is a harmonious expansion of all human powers. The problem was intensified by the Puritan belief that duty was an end in itself, whereas in reality both great drives are no more than contributions to human development.
Ideally, right reason should precede action, and the state should be the disinterested union of all classes, a collective best self. Both drives aim at human perfection or salvation, but their means and ideals are sharply different.Arnold believes that culture should be sought out of curiosity, meaning a “liberal and intelligent eagerness about things,” or “a desire after the things of the mind simply for their own sakes and for the pleasure of seeing them as they are” ().
Culture and Anarchy, () a long series of essays written by Arnold, was a political and social critique.
Arnold's work as an inspector of schools had brought him into contact with European. CULTURE AND ANARCHY: AN ESSAY IN POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CRITICISM. BY MATTHEW ARNOLD. PREFACE. To pass now to the matters canvassed in the following essay.
These essays would later form the collection, Culture and Anarchy. Arnold added a preface, introduction, and conclusion to the book edition, but the essays generally remained in 5/5(2).
Matthew Arnold: Matthew Arnold, English Victorian poet and literary and social critic, noted especially for his classical attacks on the contemporary tastes and manners of the “Barbarians” (the aristocracy), the “Philistines” (the commercial middle class), and the “Populace.” He became the apostle of “culture” in.
According to Collini (, ), Arnold was involved in an almost continuous series of overlapping Brown, A.K. ”The Strategy of “Disinterestedness””. pp Weber, Horst (ed.) Der Englische Essay. Darmstadt, Arnold, Matthew Essays on Criticism.